Literature-Based Approach

Literature-Based Approach

In education, particularly in addressing literacy skills among eleventh graders, the literature-based approach is promising. This approach, often synonymous with whole language learning, integrates reading, writing, speaking, and listening as interconnected skills essential for holistic language acquisition. The study conducted by Okky Kusuma Wardhani, Rita Inderawati, and Machdalena Vianty aimed to explore the efficacy of this approach, specifically using the Tales with Gigi application, in enhancing literacy achievement among students.

Study Overview and Methodology

The research employed a time-series design involving 30 eleventh-grade students from SMA Negeri 1 Tanjung Batu. The primary focus was on assessing changes in literacy achievement before and after the intervention. Data collection relied on tests administered to gauge reading comprehension and narrative writing skills. The findings were analyzed to determine:

  1. Whether there was a significant difference in overall literacy achievement post-intervention.
  2. The specific improvements in sub-skills of literacy, namely reading comprehension and narrative writing.
  3. The individual contributions of these sub-skills to the overall literacy enhancement.

Key Findings

The study’s outcomes provided compelling insights into the effectiveness of the literature-based approach with Tales with Gigi:

  • Significant Improvement in Literacy Achievement: The mean differences between pretest and posttest scores indicated substantial progress, with reading achieving a mean difference of 22.5 and writing 20.4. Statistical analysis confirmed these improvements were significant (p < 0.05), underscoring the efficacy of the literature-based method.
  • Enhanced Sub-skills: Each sub-skill within literacy—such as detail in reading and organization in writing—demonstrated notable enhancement post-intervention. These improvements highlight the comprehensive benefits of integrating literature into educational practices.
  • Contribution of Sub-skills: Detailed analysis revealed that detail contributed significantly to reading comprehension (62.8%), while organization played a crucial role in enhancing narrative writing (41.7%). These findings underscored the nuanced impact of specific literacy sub-skills in overall achievement.

Implications for Education

The study’s findings have profound implications for educational practices:

  • Pedagogical Approach: Integrating literature-based methods, such as Tales with Gigi, can effectively improve literacy outcomes by engaging students holistically.
  • Curriculum Design: Educators can enhance curriculum design by incorporating diverse literary resources that cater to varying learning styles and interests.
  • Student Engagement: By immersing students in narrative-rich content, educators can foster a deeper appreciation for language and literature, thereby promoting lifelong learning habits.


In conclusion, the study by Wardhani, Inderawati, and Vianty underscores the transformative potential of literature-based approaches in bolstering literacy achievement among eleventh graders. By leveraging the interactive and immersive nature of Tales with Gigi, educators can effectively nurture students’ reading comprehension and narrative writing skills. The findings affirm the value of integrating literature into educational frameworks as a means to cultivate well-rounded language proficiency. Moving forward, continued exploration and implementation of such approaches are essential in advancing educational excellence and fostering a generation of proficient and engaged learners.

Quick Details Table: Study on Literature-Based Approach with Tales with Gigi

Study FocusLiterature-Based Approach with Tales with Gigi Application
Participants30 eleventh graders from SMA Negeri 1 Tanjung Batu
MethodologyTime-series design
Key FindingsSignificant improvement in reading (mean difference of 22.5) and writing (mean difference of 20.4); Contribution of detail (62.8%) in reading and organization (41.7%) in writing
ImplicationsEnhanced pedagogical approaches, curriculum design, and student engagement
ConclusionLiterature-based approaches effectively enhance literacy achievement among students

This comprehensive summary highlights the study’s methodology, key findings, and educational implications, and concludes with the transformative potential of literature-based approaches in educational settings.

By Romana

Hi everyone I'm Romana the creator of "Literaturebs.Online". I've always had a passion for stories, so I decided to build this space to share my love of literature with fellow bookworms like you. From classic novels to modern masterpieces, I hope to inspire and engage readers of all ages. Join me as we embark on a journey through the wonderful world of words!"

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